Chicken Coop Chatter©
The Serama is a rare, fairly recent inductee into the poultry world and in fact to this country.The breed is believed to have been developed some fifty years ago in Malaysia by crossing Japanese and Malaysian bantams, and named for the title of the Kings of Thailand, Rama. Originally the tiny fowl were kept by royalty but have since come into the hands of the general population.
The first introduction into this country was in 2004 but only within the last three years accepted by the American Poultry Association and the American Bantam Association, and more recently the American Serama Association made it's debut to encourage more varieties of Serama to be accepted into the APA standards. Currently the APA has set standards for the *kapan* type, though there are other types available.
Serama is the smallest breed of chicken in the world, weighing 500 g. And some as small as 250g. Surprisingly for as tiny as this chicken is, it lays an egg of medium to small size. The hens lay 3 to 4 eggs per week. One note that needs to be made, provide fencing that is small gauge wire such as hardware cloth. The Serama even at 4 months old are able to slip through most larger fence wire and babies can slip through even 2 inch chicken wire.
The Serama can best be described as appearing proud and upright like a soldier marching. It is typically a friendly chicken and suitable for exhibition for ease of handling. They readily pose and if seen from the profile, the body forms a *V* shape, with the full chest protruding forward. The tail is held in a vertical position and the wings that are large in proportion to the body are held directly down, nearly touching the ground.
The single comb is small to medium with 5 or more serrations. The Wattles are typically in proportion to the comb, however for showing, the smaller wattle is preferred. The head is small in proportion to the body. The body is short, and for showing, the shorter the body, the more acceptable.
Silkie feathered Serama have been accepted into American standards, however, there are also frizzled, rumpless and feather-legged varieties that are believed to have been developed by crossing with other breeds. Currently there are no specific color requirements or standards.
Serama mature fairly rapidly, from 16-18 weeks when the pullets begin to lay and the roosters reach breeding age. Serama hens go broody and are very devoted mamas. Because of the tiny size of the chicks, it is best to keep the mama and babies in a separate brooding area to keep the babies safe from injuries.
Because of their diminutive size, the Serama are not considered cold hardy, so it is advised that they be sheltered from cold weather. Our Serama have done well in the cold weather and evidenced in our slide show with them out in the snow.
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